It’s never too early to start thinking about breast cancer prevention. Other than skin cancer, it’s the most common cancer affecting American women regardless of race or ethnicity, according to the Centers for Disease Control. Despite recommending women take regular precautions like breast self-exams and mammograms, experts at Johns Hopkins Medicine believe the foods you eat also play a big role in keeping breast cancer at bay. The three recommended superfood groups for cancer prevention include fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, all of which contain phytochemicals— compounds produced by plants—which are believed to boost cancer-preventative properties. Below we’ve rounded up four foods that studies prove are powerhouse breast cancer fighters. Read on to see what made the list.
Broccoli sprouts: Broccoli contains a specific phytochemical called glucoraphanin, which helps to neutralize cancer-causing chemicals (studies show sprouts are infused with the highest amount).
Oats: This whole grain is extremely high in fiber—one important cancer-fighting characteristic. Oats also contain the hormone melatonin, which is linked to lessening your likelihood of getting breast cancer.
Kale: This leafy green is also packed with good-for-you phytochemicals.
Green tea: Okay, so maybe you have to drink this food, but green tea contains phenolic compounds, which studies show stop the development of some cancer cells, including breast cancer. We’re fans of Yogi Green Tea with caffeine ($5), so we can get rid of our pesky coffee fix at the same time.
Read about more breast cancer–preventative foods at Johns Hopkins Medicine, and tell us whether you’ll be adding any of the above to your diet in the comments.